EU migrant policy suffers blow as Italy, Libya reject proposals

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Italian doctor Giovanna Scaccabarozzi, right, speaks with Cameroonian rescued migrant Josepha on board the Spanish NGO Proactiva Open Arms’ in the Mediterranean Sea about 80 miles of the Spanish coast in this July 17, 2018 file photo. — AFP

BRUSSELS The European Union’s migrant strategy suffered a major new setback on Friday with Italy refusing to freely accept people rescued at sea and Libya spurning a proposal for asylum processing centers.

The salvoes follow a fractious EU summit in June which agreed to set up “disembarkation platforms” outside the bloc to process migrants after Italy’s new populist government said it was closing its ports.

“Italy does not want to be the only country where migrants saved at sea by its own naval units disembark,” Foreign Minister Enzo Moavero Milanesi said in a letter to EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini.

The Italian position and its implications were discussed at a meeting on Friday by member states in Brussels where diplomats said countries agreed to a “strategic review” of the EU’s own naval operations.

Italy commands the European military operation Sophia launched in June 2015 following a series of deadly shipwrecks in the Mediterranean.

“Operation Sophia is maintained,” an EU diplomat involved in the talks said on Friday.

“The aim remains to reach a consensus on future action within a European framework and in an orderly process,” the source added.

Libyan Prime Minister Fayez Al-Sarraj meanwhile rejected the EU proposal for asylum processing centers in his country, saying: “We are strictly against Europe officially placing illegal migrants who are no longer wanted in the EU in our country.”

Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia were also approached by the EU but have already refused to host such centers.

“We also won’t agree on any deals with EU money about taking in more illegal migrants,” the Libyan premier told Germany’s Bild newspaper.

Sarraj said European leaders should instead put pressure on migrants’ origin countries to stop them embarking on their journey in the first place.

Most of the migrants are from the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.

Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has written to European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker saying his country would no longer take in migrants plucked from the Mediterranean until other member states accepted some of them.

Over the last decade, the Italian coastguard has coordinated the rescue of hundreds of thousands of migrants off the coast of Libya, in many cases pulling them from the water themselves in treacherous conditions.

But as of June, they have been ordered to transfer calls for help and reports of boats in distress to the Libyan capital Tripoli.

Juncker wrote back to Conte saying “these ad hoc solutions will not be feasible in the long term,” according to a copy of a letter seen by AFP.

But Juncker agreed to try and identify nations that would shelter rescued migrants until a definitive framework was agreed upon as to who would take charge of them.

June was the deadliest month in the Mediterranean in recent years with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) reporting some 564 deaths or disappearances, despite the fact that overall departures have dropped sharply since the summer of 2017.

Under a controversial deal with the EU, Libyan coastguards intercept migrants trying to cross the Mediterranean.

But the UN has slammed the policy as “inhuman”, noting that the migrants are simply brought back to “horrific” detention centers in Libya.

The European Court of Human Rights also opposes the repatriation of migrants to Libya on the ground that they could face rights abuse.

The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, will discuss in the coming weeks proposals for controlled holding centers for migrants in member states and cooperation in rescue efforts, spokeswoman Natasha Bertaud said earlier this week. — AFP


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