At disaster forum, storm-hit Mozambique says will seek help to build back better

Buildings damaged during Cyclone Kenneth are seen from the air in a village north of Pemba, Mozambique, May 1. - Reuters


Mozambique, which was battered by two cyclones in March and April, will hold an international conference in two weeks' time to drum up funding to help it build back stronger, its vice-minister for state administration said Friday.

"What we have learned from these cyclones (is) we need to build new infrastructure but resilient," Albano Macie told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on the sidelines of a global conference on preventing disasters, which ended Friday.

Mozambique hopes to attract donors, development banks and aid agencies with cash and technical expertise to the conference May 31 to June 1 in the devastated port city of Beira.

Its redevelopment plans include resettling families away from risky areas and rebuilding power grids, water supplies and other critical infrastructure in a more robust way, Macie said.

UN officials told the disaster prevention forum there was no time to lose in stepping up protection for people who are highly exposed - like those in Mozambique - as wild weather threatens more loss of life and economic damage.

Mami Mizutori, head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) which organized the conference, urged governments to step up efforts to meet the seven targets set in the 2015 Sendai Framework, a global pact.

Those focus on substantially lowering deaths, numbers of people affected and economic losses from disasters by 2030.

"There is little doubt that we must accelerate our efforts and raise our level of ambition," Mizutori said in closing remarks.

A joint statement from UN agencies, delivered by World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General Petteri Taalas, said "a drastic change of course" was needed to tackle crises.

"As we have witnessed in Mozambique, India, East Africa and many other countries and regions around the world in the past years, climate and disaster risk is pushing millions of people back into poverty each year," the statement said.

Some Asian countries have succeeded in putting in place mass warning and evacuation systems that are saving lives, as happened earlier this month when Cyclone Fani smashed into India and Bangladesh.

But more effort is needed to ensure the likely impacts of extreme weather are better understood and communicated to all those in danger in a timely way, the WMO emphasized.

In Mozambique, for example, with Cyclone Idai, communities in low-lying areas were caught without flood warnings, as more attention had been paid to the potential strength of the winds.

Cyclone Kenneth, meanwhile, hit an area not used to such storms, making it hard to convince people to evacuate, said the deputy director-general of the national meteorological service.

Vice-minister Macie said the Mozambican government was still assessing the extent of the "loss and damage" caused by the two powerful storms that hit the country's central and northern coastal areas.

As the Geneva conference ended, UN disaster prevention chief Mizutori said governments were not yet acting fast enough to develop national and local strategies to ward off disasters.

To date, 91 out of 197 U.N. member states have done so, ahead of a 2020 deadline.

"This is a serious cause of concern," Mizutori added. - Thomson Reuters Foundation